Artificial intelligence (AI) is based on the simulation of human intelligence processes performed by machines, especially computer systems. These processes include human learning (what would be the acquisition of information and also the rules to use the information), the reasoning (based on the use of rules to reach conclusions that are approximate or defined) and of course, self-correction. The particular applications of AI include expert systems, as well as speech recognition and artificial vision.
This term was coined in 1956, but AI has become more popular today thanks to advanced algorithms, increased data volumes and improvements in computing power and storage.
Early Artificial Intelligence research in the 1950s focused on topics like problem solving and symbolic methods.
Then in the 1960s, the US Department of Defense showed their interest in this type of work and began training computers to mimic basic human reasoning. This early work make easier the way for the automation and formal reasoning that we see in computers today, that includes decision support systems and smart search systems that can be designed to complement and to augment human abilities.
A simpler way to define artificial intelligence is to put it as an area of computing that emphasizes the creation of intelligent machines that work and react like humans.
Artificial intelligence benefits
Artificial intelligence is naturally complex; this is due to the very complicated mixture of computer science, mathematics and many other complex sciences. But of course all this complexity brings benefits and results that bring advances and advantages in the current development of human life.
Below we will show you a series of artificial intelligence benefits and advantages.
- Daily application:
Normally computerized methods for automated reasoning, learning and also perception have become quite common in our daily lives. A famous example is Siri, which exists to help us.
Another daily use that is given is for example in those long trips in which you need the help of GPS.
Of course there is the smartphone as an adequate and daily example of how we use artificial intelligence. When a person takes a picture the artificial intelligence algorithm identifies and also detects the face of the person, and also labels the people who also appear in the photograph by only recognizing their faces.
Artificial intelligence is widely used by many banking institutions and financial institutions in order to organize and manage data.
- AI analyzes more data
This it does through the use of neural networks that usually have many hidden layers. It is amazing to think that building a fraud detection system with only five hidden layers was practically impossible.
- Medical applications
Undoubtedly, the medical field is included in the list of artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence gives doctors the opportunity to provide information to their patients and to explain the risks of a disease. You can also educate them about the side effects of some medicine.
The IA does an excellent job with regard to the detection and monitoring of neurological disorders, this is because it can simulate brain functions. On the other hand we have the radiosurgery, used to treat tumors and this can help in the operation without damaging the surrounding tissues.
- Error Reduction
In this case it helps us to reduce the error and gives us the increased possibility of achieving accuracy. This can be applied directly in studies related to space exploration.
Intelligent robots are filled with information and then sent to explore the space. Due to their nature (metal bodies) they are much more resistant and this gives them better capacity to withstand the space and the hostile atmosphere. In this way artificial intelligence lasts beyond what we can see.
- It doesn´t need breaks
Although it seeks human similarity, it still has an advantageous difference to human nature based on the fact that it does not require frequent breaks and refreshments. Devices that enjoy artificial intelligence are programmed for long hours and can do this without getting bored or tired.
Artificial intelligence risks
- Liability for actions
Although there is not much legal material yet in terms of systems that are becoming more intelligent, it is important to ask: What is the situation in terms of liability in the event that the AI system makes an error?
It is necessary to ask if a margin of error of AI machines would be accepted, regardless of their consequences.
- Where is the privacy?
Of all the digital data in the world, it is impressive to know that 90 percent has been created in the last two years. Then, a company requires substantial amounts of pure data in order to allow the proper functioning of its intelligent systems. This is because the strength of an artificial intelligence system is also based on having high quality data sets. Because of this, companies that work with artificial intelligence use this as an excuse to access increasingly more personal data of their users. The worst of this is that it would be innocent of us not to think that this also has political ends.
- Impact on the labor market
This is another artificial intelligence risk, which represents danger to the labor market in the coming years. Their growing development will ensure that they become more adept at tasks for specific areas.
Therefore, there are certainly people with jobs that are in danger because they can be easily replaced or in other cases some will have to adapt. But it is necessary to know that this is a reality, and most of the population will work with artificial intelligence systems in the future. Do not forget that this on the other hand, will also bring new jobs, although it will be more difficult to conceive them.
- Hacking algorithms
It is normal that artificial intelligence systems are becoming more intelligent and this will lead them to allow them to distribute malware and ransomware at high speed and also on a large scale. This also makes them increasingly adept at hacking systems and being able to decipher encryption and security. And this becomes another great risk of artificial intelligence.
Future of the Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence is shown closer and closer to us and therefore also shows a promising future.
We do not know how close we are to being displaced by machines or to be surrounded by them, but what is certain is that they are becoming more and more present in our day to day life.
Artificial intelligence is in the eye of the whole world and that does not separate it from magnates like Elon Musk and Steve Wozniak, who express their thoughts about the future of artificial intelligence and of course, their concern as to how this could represent certain risks mentioned in this article, of course, they are not risks that take all your points in favor. The future of the artificial intelligence it used to be shown as something of science fiction but now reality surpasses it and it is presented as a great help in a continuous future and present.